Contrasting student and also scientific views

Student everyday experiences

Younger primary students may have small knowledge about internal bodily organs. They tend to think the contents of the body are what they have seen being put right into or coming out of it, such together food and blood. Their experiences with everyday cuts, scratches and bruises seem come reinforce a view that blood is listed below the surface of the skin, filling the spaces within the body (like a bag of blood).

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Older children are more likely to be able to list a huge number of organs but may not completely understand the function or interconnected nature that these. Because that example, students at these levels may realise that the heart is a pump however not realise the the blood returns to the heart, or castle may believe that the brain helps the body parts however not always realise the the human body helps the brain.

Research: Fleer & hardy (1996), Gellert (1962), Carey (1985)

Scientific view

To survive and also reproduce, the human body depends on major internal body organs to do certain an important functions. Once two or more organs in addition to their connected structures job-related together they become component parts of a body system.

Some that the conveniently recognisable inner organs and their connected functions are:

The brain

The brain is the manage centre that the nervous system and is located within the skull. That is functions include muscle control and coordination, sensory reception and also integration, decided production, memory storage, and also the elaboration the thought and also emotion.

The lungs

The lungs space two sponge-like, cone-shaped frameworks that fill many of the chest cavity. Their essential duty is to administer oxygen from inhaled air to the bloodstream and to breath carbon dioxide.

The liver

The liver lies ~ above the ideal side of the abdominal muscle cavity beneath the diaphragm. The main duty is to process the materials of the blood to ensure composition remains the same. This process involves breaking under fats, producing urea, filtering harmful substances and maintaining a suitable level of glucose in the blood.

The bladder

The bladder is a muscular organ located in the cavity. It stretches to keep urine and contracts to release urine.

The kidneys

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs situated at the back of the abdominal cavity, one on each side the the spinal column. Their function is to maintain the body chemical balance through excreting waste products and also excess fluid in the kind of urine.

The heart

The love is a hollow, muscular body organ that pumps blood with the blood ship by repeated, rhythmic contractions.

The stomach

The stomach is a muscular, elastic, pear-shaped bag, lied crosswise in the ab cavity in ~ the diaphragm. Its main purpose is digestion of food through production of gastric juices which break down, mix and also churn the food into a thin liquid.

The intestines

The intestines space located between the stomach and also the anus and also are separated into two major sections: the small intestine and the large intestine. The function of the little intestine is to absorb many ingested food. The huge intestine is responsible for absorption of water and also excretion the solid rubbish material.

Critical teaching ideas

Humans might look different yet inside castle share identical component parts.The human body contains major internal offal or body components which have the right to be easily identified. These organs different in size, shape, location and also function.Each organ has a specific duty which contributes come the as whole wellbeing the the person body.A group of guts whose tasks are very closely related are regularly referred to together a system.

Explore the relationships between ideas about internal human body organs in the Concept breakthrough Maps (Cell Functions).

Building students’ understanding of interior body organs, just how these space linked and why they occupational together as solution is a complicated process. A useful beginning point is to recognize students’ present ideas and understandings about what is within the body. Using daily experiences to attract out these concepts is always powerful, such together recalling access time to the doctor, clinical operations/procedures, injuries, medical imaging/scans, posters and advertising images.

It is helpful to check out what inner organs look at like and also where lock are situated in order to know the specific role of each and also how every contributes to maintaining the human body alive and well. To teach experiences should start to encourage college student to take into consideration how organs job-related together, i.e. How the work of one body organ is comparable or contributes come the to work of another. This idea leads to the more facility idea that body parts kind connected systems that add to the functioning of the body together a whole.

Teaching activities

Bring the end students’ existing ideas

Encourage students to work in small groups to produce a usual drawing of what castle know about the within of the person body. Consider providing each group with an rundown of a person body or have students trace about a group member lied on a large sheet the paper. For sure students think about the location, size and shape that body components in your drawings. Have students encompass labels naming every internal part and think about getting the teams to research study information about each organ.

Share intellectual control

Provide every student group with at the very least three strips of paper. Have actually each team list three inquiries that emerged as they to be completing their drawings, concentrating on points they realised they didn’t know.

Display human body drawings and discuss similarities and differences in between each group’s representations. Display the questions and include further inquiries to the list together they happen from these discussions and observations. Together a class, complete a bundling activity sorting the questions. College student should comment on what groupings come use.

These questions deserve to then notify planning of additional investigations. Revisit these questions at the end of every session and also respond where suitable with brand-new information.

Clarify and also consolidate ideas for/by interaction to others

By using a jigsaw strategy, students move from ‘home’ groups to ‘expert’ groups, and then back to ‘home’ groups to collect and also share an ext detailed information around internal body organs. Working in ‘expert’ groups, students research study a details internal organ of the human being body. As a an outcome of the experiences noted in this ‘expert’ group, every team member must have the ability to explain wherein the organ is located, describe/represent the observable features of the organ and explain what the body organ does because that the person body and also why the is important.

When working in professional groups it might be useful for students to:

access advantageous websites, scientific research texts and also visual imagesexplore scientific modelsexamine animal organs (following regulated wellness protocols)construct simple models with products like plasticinecomplete an easy investigations which demonstrate vital features and also functions that the organ they are investigating.

Each member climate returns come the ‘home’ group and also shares your expertise, ‘teaching’ their colleagues this new information. Following expert presentations the ‘home’ team returns come their original body drawing and also adds brand-new information. These transforming body displays become an integral component of the ongoing investigation and also demonstrate a dynamic, transforming display.

Promote have fun on and also clarification of existing ideas

To help students to construct richer an individual meanings for ideas and also concepts related to inner body offal encourage castle to complete sentence stems. Sentence stems are incomplete statements draft to carry out a structure for insights and also observations. Some instances are: ‘The liver is…’ ‘The liver can…’ ‘A heart has…’ ‘The lungs can…’

Encourage students come write brief stories about one the the organs they have actually investigated, through a focus of ‘a job in the life’ of the organ.

See more: Frog Life Cycle Lesson Plan, Free Animal Lesson Plans / Life Cycles / Frogs

Challenge some existing ideas and focus fist on hitherto overlooked detail

When students are acquainted with a range of significant internal organs, provide tasks that encourage students to take into consideration how one organ is similar to or contributes come the occupational of one more organ. Asking students inquiries such as, ‘How is this like/not favor a comparable organ?’ This encourages students to consider similarities and also differences which castle may typically overlook. Other questions might include:

How room the stomach and bladder alike? how do lock differ?How are the kidneys and the liver alike? exactly how do they differ?How is the huge intestine prefer a tea strainer?How is the love not like a bicycle pump but much more like an wait mattress foot pump?

Identify diseases and also conditions commonly connected with each major organ, such together heart attack, asthma, stomach ulcer, etc. Talk about contributing determinants to these, such as inherited conditions. Discover how medicine has emerged effective treatments for countless of these, for example transplants, mechanically hearts and medication.​

Further resources

Science associated interactive discovering objects can be discovered on the FUSE Teacher resources page.

To access the interactive discovering object below, teachers need to login to FUSE and also search through Learning resource ID:

Human Body – students job-related through a collection of 4 learning objects around the structure and function of the person body. Castle compare people with other animals to check out adaptation to environments.Learning resource ID: K6MKAS