You are watching: How much energy is required to ionize a hydrogen atom in its ground (or lowest energy) state?
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Key People:James Franck...(Show more)Related Topics:IonizationElectron affinityFranck–Condon principle...(Show more)
Ionization energy, likewise called ionization potential, in chemistry and also physics, the quantity of energy required to remove an electron from an isolated atom or molecule. There is an ionization energy for each successive electron removed; the ionization energy linked with removal of the first (most loosely held) electron, however, is most commonly used.
The ionization energy of a chemistry element, to express in joules or electron volts, is usually measured in an electric discharge pipe in which a fast-moving electron produced by one electric existing collides with a gaseous atom the the element, resulting in it come eject one of its electrons. (Chemists frequently use joules, if physicists use electron volts.) for a hydrogen atom, created of an orbiting electron bound come a cell core of one proton, one ionization energy of 2.18 × 10−18 joule (13.6 electron volts) is compelled to pressure the electron native its lowest power level entirely out that the atom. The magnitude of the ionization energy of an aspect is dependence on the an unified effects of the electric charge of the nucleus, the size of the atom, and its electronic configuration. Among the chemical elements of any period, removal of one electron is hardest for the noble gases and also easiest for the alkali metals. The ionization energy required because that removal that electrons rises progressively as the atom loses electrons, due to the fact that the hopeful charge top top the cell core of the atom does no change, and also therefore, v each removed of an electron, the remainder are held more firmly. The ionization energy is regularly reported together the quantity of power (in joules) required to ionize the variety of atoms or molecules existing in one mole (i.e., the quantity in grams the a given substance numerically same to its atomic or molecule weight). One mole of hydrogen atoms has an atomic weight of 1.00 gram, and also the ionization energy is 1,312 kilojoules every mole the hydrogen.
Next in order of importance for determining the number and form of chemical bonds that an atom may type is the ionization power of the...
The ionization energy is a measure up of the capability of an element to enter into chemistry reactions requiring ion formation or donation the electrons. That is also generally concerned the nature the the chemistry bonding in the compounds developed by the elements. See also binding energy; electron affinity.
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