Principles of pet Behavior has long been taken into consideration the most current and also engaging arrival to animal behavior. The third Edition is now also the most considerable and balanced in its strategy to the theoretical framework behind how biologists research behavior.




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Content – principles of pet Behavior

PRINCIPLES OF animal BEHAVIOR 2 species of Questions and Levels of evaluation 5 What Is Behavior? 6 Three structures 7 Natural an option 8 Individual discovering 12 cultural Transmission 15 Conceptual, Theoretical, and Empirical viewpoints 17 conceptual Approaches 18 Theoretical ideologies 20 Empirical approaches 21 an introduction of What Is to follow 23 INTERVIEW with DR. E. O. WILSON 24 THE advancement OF behavior 28 Artificial choice 31 Natural choice 32 Selective benefit of a characteristics 32 just how Natural selection Operates 35 Sociobiology, Selfish Genes, and Adaptation 43 2 Antipredator behavior in Guppies 43

Principles of animal Behavior

CONSERVATION CONNECTION: conservation Biology and also Symmetry together an Indicator of threat 44 Kinship and also Naked Mole Rat behavior 49 Mate an option in humans 52 Phylogeny and the study of animal Behavior 53 Phylogenetic tree 53 Phylogeny and Parental care 60 Phylogeny and also Courtship habits 62 INTERVIEW with DR. ALAN GRAFEN 64 HORMONES and also NEUROBIOLOGY 68 Ultimate and also Proximate Perspectives 70 Hormones and also Proximate Causation 75 preservation CONNECTION: Community-Based Ecotourism: utilizing Hormones to Measure impacts on animal Well-Being 78 just how the Endocrine system Integrates Sensory Input and also Output 80 The Long-Term effects of In Utero Exposure to hormones 82 Vasopressin and Sociality in Voles 84 Hormones and Honeybee Foraging 86 Neurobiological Underpinnings of behavior 89 The Nervous advertise 90 Neurobiology and also Learning in Rodents 92 Mushroom Bodies and Honeybee Foraging 94 Vocalizations in Plainfin Midshipman Fish 95

Principles of animal Behavior

Sleep and also Predation in Mallard duck 98 INTERVIEW through DR. GEOFFREY HILL 100 MOLECULAR genes AND development 104 molecular Genetics and Animal actions 107 Mendel’s regulations 108 Locating gene for Polygenic characteristics 109 Genes, mRNA, and Honeybee Foraging 112 Ultraviolet Vision in birds 114 song Acquisition in birds 115 avpr1a, Vasopressin, and Sociality in Voles 118 development and animal Behavior 119 Development, Temperature, and Ovipositing actions in Wasps 119 preservation CONNECTION: Development, Dispersal, and also Climate change 120

Family Structure, Development, and also Behavior in Praire Voles 122 beforehand Nest advance and actions in Cichlid Fish 123 Early advancement and Its result on Parental actions in the Oldfield computer mouse 123 INTERVIEW v DR. GENE ROBINSON 124 learning 128 What Is separation, personal, instance Learning? 131 How pets Learn 133 discovering from a Single-Stimulus experience 133 Pavlovian (Classical) conditioning 134 instrumental (Operant) conditioning 139 Why animals Learn 141 Within-Species Studies and also the development of learning 141 populace Comparisons and the advancement of discovering 145 A model of the development of learning 147 What pets Learn 149 Learning about Predators 149 preservation CONNECTION: Learning, alert Chemicals, and Reintroduction program 150 Learning around Your friend 152 Learning about Familial relationships 154 Learning around Aggression 154 molecule Genetics and also Endocrinology of discovering 156 Molecular genes of learning in Rats 156 Endocrinology of finding out in Rats 158

Principles of pet Behavior

INTERVIEW v DR. SARA SHETTLEWORTH 160 cultural TRANSMISSION 164 What Is cultural Transmission? 169 those So important about social Transmission? 170 effects of rather on actions 171 Social learning 175 preservation CONNECTION: crop Raiding, Elephants, and Social finding out 176 The Rise and Fall that a heritage 182 6 to teach in pets 182

Modes of cultural Transmission 185 Vertical cultural Transmission 186 Oblique cultural Transmission 187 Horizontal social Transmission 188 The communication of genetic and cultural Transmission 189 The Grants’ Finches 189 Guppy Mate selection 191 cultural Transmission and brain Size 192 INTERVIEW v DR. CECILIA HEYES 194 SEXUAL choice 198 Intersexual and also Intrasexual choice 200 conservation CONNECTION: hereditary Diversity, genetic Quality, and Conservation biology 202 evolutionary Models of Mate selection 204 direct Benefits and Mate choice 205 an excellent Genes and Mate selection 207 Runaway Sexual selection 212 Sensory Bias and the emergence of Mate choice 214 Learning and Mate an option 218 sexual Imprinting 218 Learning and also Mate an option in Japanese Quail 220 cultural Transmission and Mate selection 221 Mate-Choice copy 221 track Learning and also Mate selection in Cowbirds 224

Principles of pet Behavior

Male-Male Competition and also Sexual choice 225 Red Deer Roars and also Male-Male compete 225 Male-Male Competition by Interference 227 Male-Male Competition by Cuckoldry 229 INTERVIEW through DR. Ann HOUDE 232 MATING equipment 236 different Mating systems 238 Monogamous Mating equipment 238 Polygamous Mating solution 242 Promiscuous Mating solution 249 The Ecology and Evolution the Polygynous Mating solution 251 Polygyny and Resources 251 The Polygyny Threshold version 252

CONSERVATION CONNECTION: Anthropogenic effects on pet Mating systems 253 Extrapair Copulations 256 Sperm competition 258 multiple Mating systems in a single Population? 263 INTERVIEW through DR. NICK DAVIES 264 KINSHIP 270 Kinship and Animal behavior 273 Kinship concept 274 Relatedness and also Inclusive Fitness 276 family Dynamics 279 conservation CONNECTION: Nonbreeding Groups and Inclusive Fitness services in Gorillas 281 conflict within family members 291 Parent-Offspring problem 291 Sibling Rivalry 295 Kin recognition 298 corresponding Models 299 Rule-of-Thumb Models of Kin acknowledgment 301 INTERVIEW v DR. FRANCIS RATNIEKS 302

Principles of pet Behavior

COOPERATION 306 Defining participation 309 The selection of Cooperative behaviors 310 helping in the Birthing process 310 social Grooming 311 paths to teamwork 312 course 1: Reciprocity 313 route 2: Byproduct Mutualism 324 path 3: Group an option 327 Coalitions 331 conservation CONNECTION: Cooperation, the Tragedy of the Commons, and Overharvesting 332 Coalitions in Baboons 333 partnerships and “Herding” actions in Cetaceans 334

A Phylogenetic strategy to teamwork 334 Phylogeny and also Cooperative reproduction in bird 335 Phylogeny and also Cooperation in Shrimp 336 Phylogeny and also Cooperation in society Spiders 337 Interspecific Mutualisms 338 Ants and Butterflies—Mutualism v Communication? 338 INTERVIEW through DR.

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HUDSON KERN REEVE 342 FORAGING 346 recognize Food and also the Search image 350 Optimal Foraging theory 351 What come Eat 351 wherein to Eat 354 details Nutrient limit 357 Risk-Sensitive Foraging 359 Foraging and also Group Life 361 group Size 361 Groups, publicly Information, and also Foraging 364 herbal Selection, Phylogeny, and Seed Caching 365 Hippocampal Size and also Caching capacity 365 Phylogeny and also Caching ability 367 Learning and Foraging 368 Foraging, Learning, and brain Size in birds 369

Principles of pet Behavior

CONSERVATION CONNECTION: behavioral Traditions, Foraging, and Conservation in Killer Whales 370 Planning because that the Future 372 social Learning and Foraging 373 INTERVIEW v DR. John KREBS 378 ANTIPREDATOR actions 382 staying clear of Predators 387 Blending right into the atmosphere 387 gift Quiet 389 selecting Safe Habitats 391 conservation CONNECTION: Co-evolution, Naive Prey, and advent Programs 392 What food Do once They encounter Predators 394 Fleeing 395