Created June 23, 2016 by userMs. Alex Elrington

Part 1: class Description


Literal and also Non-literal meanings of Words and Idioms


In this lesson, student will identify the literal and also non-literal definitions of verbal and also written content in different contexts. The great targets adult learners of English who have actually demonstrated grades 3- 4 or B-C analysis level. Learner will show an expertise of idioms by using context ideas in the sentence to help figure the end the interpretations of idioms, by illustration out idioms without making use of words or letters, by offering written tips utilizing idioms, and by producing greeting cards.

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Learner Audience / primary Users

Teachers and Students

Educational Use

Curriculum/Instruction Assessment, Mini-Lesson, professional Development, home School, not blocked Education


Adult Education

Grade Level

CCRS grade Level B (3): Beginning an easy Education Literacy

CCRS grade Level C (4): straightforward Education Literacy


English Language Arts/Literacy

Strand 4




CCRS Anchor 5: demonstrate understanding the figurative language, native relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

Demonstrate understanding of indigenous relationships and nuances in native meanings.

a. Distinguish the literal and also non-literal interpretations of words and also phrases in context (e.g., take it steps).

b. Recognize and explain the an interpretation of common idioms.

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Material Type

Instructional Material Teaching and Learning Strategies Assessments Images

Learning Goals

The objective of this great is for the Beginning simple Education learner to:

decipher the literal and non-literal definitions of idioms


developers for Learning Adult Education Figurative Meaning Figurative Language Idiom

Time compelled for Lesson

30 minutes

Prior Knowledge

At least a class 3 analysis Level Beginning simple Education level that literacy an abilities in English

Required Resources

Practicing Idioms worksheet (Print a course set) and answer keyIdiom corresponding cards (Print one collection for every 2 students)Greeting map sample and template ( print a design template for each ‘advanced’ student)Pens/pencils8.5” X 11” cardstock or construction record (Print course set)Crayons, colored pencils, or markersA bucket, a sheet of file and one pair of scissors, cup that milk, bedsheets (optional)Computer, projector, and also Internet (optional)


Download: IDIOM corresponding CARDS_2.pdfDownload: PracticingIdiomsWorksheet_1.pdf

Download: Greeting card Template_1.pdf

Download: PracticingIdioms_AnswerKey (1).pdf

Lesson writer & License

Author: Ms. Alex Elrington License: an innovative Commons CC through 4.0 patent

Part 2: Lesson

Learning Objective

By the end of this lesson, the adult learners should be able to:

interpret idioms by using context hints in the sentences with 70% accuracy draw idioms without making use of words or letters with 100% accuracy construct written tips making use of idioms v 70% accuracy do a greeting card using an idiom with 100% accuracy

Lesson Topic


Context Summary

Often learners know what a stand-alone indigenous means; however, as soon as a word is combine with various other words to create phrases or sentences, climate s/he battles to make sense of the meaning. S/he may know "fly" and also "kite" however may find the phrase, "Oh, go fly a kite," puzzling. In this lesson, learner will identify the literal and non-literal meanings of ideas in different contexts. Learners will demonstrate an expertise of idioms by making use of context clues in the sentences to assist decipher the meanings of idioms, by drawing out idioms without making use of words or letters, by providing written tips using idioms, and also by producing a greeting card.

Relevance come Practice

Every culture has a wide array that sayings or advice to define the particulars of everyday life. Without an awareness and also understanding of this expressions or idioms, English Language Learners (ELL) are regularly at a disadvantage. For example, an illiterate ELL adult may know what “nail” or “head” means, but s/he might not recognize that “to fight the pond on that is head” method to do something exactly right. Therefore, illiteracy amongst adults is not solely a reading problem, but is an worry of comprehending culture-based figurative expressions. By learning English idiom expressions, learners can begin to speak and understand English like aboriginal speakers.

Key Terms and Concepts

Context is the case in i m sorry something happens. Literal meaning refers to the normal, everyday, most basic definition of the word. Non-literal meaning is once a word way something various other than that is normal, day-to-day meaning. Figurative language is when you usage a indigenous or phrase that walk not have actually its normal, everyday, literal meaning. Idiom is a phrase or saying that has actually a an interpretation that is really different native the separation, personal, instance words that makeup the expression or saying. Interpretation is one explanation.


Time: 3 minutes

Post any type of two idioms ~ above the board: ‘kick the bucket,’ ‘cut corners,’ ‘hit the sheets,’ and ‘cry end spilled milk.’ model reading aloud then acting out the two idioms. Use props if available. Say: “Word and also phrases deserve to have literal or non-literal meanings. A literal meaning is when a indigenous or expression is used specifically as it is defined. A non-literal meaning is as soon as the definition of a native or expression takes on a distinct meaning.” describe the literal and non-literal definitions of the two idioms.

Example 1 : once someone says, “Grandpa kicked the bucket critical night. Ns still in shock.” ‘Kicked the bucket" (non-literal meaning) means someone died (literal meaning)

Example 2 : once an writer writes, “Lucy functioned 14 hrs in the factory. She struggle the sheets as soon as she came home,” ‘hit the sheets (hay)’ (non-literal meaning) method to go to bed right away (literal meaning).

Example 3 : as soon as you read, “The chef cuts corners (non-literal meaning) as soon as making seafood salad. He uses canned tuna instead of fresh tuna. ‘Cut corners’ method to execute something in the easiest or cheapest way by skipping something necessary (literal meaning).

Example 4 : man was upset because he let go his flight, yet I told the it’s no usage crying over spilled milk. ‘Cry end spilled milk’ method being upset over something the has currently happened and cannot be changed.

Emphasize that great readers and also speakers the English must be able to figure out an interpretation idioms using ideas from what was said or written before or ~ an idiom is talked or written.


Time: 1 minute

Say: “Today friend will figure out the meanings of words and also idioms: by utilizing context ideas in sentences  by illustration out idioms without using words or letters by offering written tips using idiomsby producing a greeting card.”

Presentation / Modeling / Demonstration

Time: 5 minutes

Say: “An idiom is a speak that has both a literal (exact) and also figurative (understood) meaning. One idiom is a type of figurative language, a native or expression that go not have its everyday, precise meaning.”Say: Let’s clock the short video called Confessions of one Idiom. It’s about a two personalities who usage idioms in a funny way. Raise her hand each time friend hear one idiom did you do it heard before.Say: “You space going research idioms we use everyday.”

Guided Practice

Time: 11 minutes

Say: “An idiom is a saying that has both a literal (exact) and figurative (understood) meaning. One idiom is a type of figurative language, a word or phrase that does not have actually its everyday, precise meaning. Idioms readjust depending top top culture, time, and situation.” Prompt learner to share around idioms they known in the video. When did castle hear the before, who claimed it, and also why was it said?Say: as soon as someone says, “Keep an eye ~ above the baby.” friend don’t yes, really take her eye out and also place that on the baby. This just way that you need to watch the baby, making certain it doesn’t hurt itself. Ask: “Who has heard the expression, ‘add fuel come the fire’ ?” Reiterate: “‘To add fuel to the fire’ method to do a instance worst 보다 it currently is.” Say: “The medical professional was exhausted. That worked approximately the clock in the Emergency Room.’ What phrase is the idiom? What does that mean? Reiterate, “‘To work around the clock’ way to occupational all the time or for 24 hrs straight.” Say: “There space over 4000 idioms in the English language. Sometimes the words in the idioms room clues around the meaning. Frequently they’re not, and so, overtime, you need to memorize the idioms used most often.” give each learner a copy the the Practicing Idioms worksheet. have learners work separately or in pairs. review the answers, clarifying any type of confusion. Ask questions that provoke deeper understanding like:

What is the finest idiom to use in this situation?

What does the idiom mean? how did you identify the non-literal an interpretation of the idiom ?

Have friend or a household member used this idiom in the past? When? Why?

Do girlfriend have similar saying in her country?


Time: 10 minutes

(Low-Mid) matching Game: Cut the end the Idiom equivalent cards. Shuffle and place face down ~ above a level surface. Every player takes turns flipping 2 cards end at a time. If a match is made, keep the cards. If a enhance is not made, flip the cards ago over. The player to do the many matches wins.(Advanced) Greeting Cards: In this product-driven activity, the instructor defines that idioms are regularly advice pass down v time. S/he posts a perform of idioms pointed out in the lesson. Learners select their favourite idiom and make greeting cards. The learners write advice utilizing an idiom and draw a literal representation of the idiom in the card. The instructor hands the end samples that greeting cards. S/he models the card making process, put the literal, visual representation on the cover and also the piece of advice top top the inside page.


Time: 15-30 minutes ( This task may expand into one more instructional period or might used together a homework assignment.)

News post or quick Story Review: In this reading activity, learners will annotate a text. The instructor defines that idioms generally are used by writer to catch the reader’s attention. S/he introduces a news article, advertisement, and/or brief story. S/he explains that learners will search the messages for idioms. The course will then comment on the literal and also non-literal definition of the idioms, the author’s objective for the idiom, and also the idioms success/failure in the text. Learners will certainly then create their own news article, advertisement, or brief short story utilizing idioms.

Supplemental Resources

Attribution Statements

Differentiate Instruction

This lesson provides many avenues to differentiate instruction. Included are: a whole-group analysis activity, a product-driven exercise, a created piece, a text annotation exercise, and exercise that includes predicting, visualizing, questioning, clarifying, and summarizing words and also phrases. However, instructors may likewise do the complying with in bespeak to assistance learners: