September 20, 2018 - Gini Beqiri

When designing presentation slides, you need to uncover a balance between keeping the interest of her audience and also maintaining your attention, while not distracting them indigenous your an essential message.

You are watching: Which of the following guidelines should be kept in mind while designing presentation slides?

The aim of presentation slides is to boost learning and also understanding, by supplementing what you"re saying (not it is in the main emphasis of your talk).

Below we talk about the ideal practices for creating presentation slides.

Keep it simple

If her slides are much more important than what you"re saying climate your message will shed impact. Your slides should be one accompaniment and also not odor from her words.

protect against slides with lots of text, especially if it"s simply a repeat of what you"re saying. The audience may be reading rather than listening to you. If you need text-heavy slides then slowly reveal the text once needed. Ideally you have to only include main speak points in the form of short and also concise cartridge points on her slides. This is much less dull for the audience and the finest slides have no message - part speakers simply use images. Don"t to fill up empty spaces v unnecessary facets as this won"t aid the audience understand what you"re saying. The much less clutter there is ~ above a on slide the more impact your visual blog post will have. The architecture elements need to be kept to a minimum to stop distraction, such as, ensuring you have a clear and an easy background.

Decide her presentation"s slides ratio

You should decide which proportion for her slides will finest suit the context of the presentation:

A 4:3 ratio if valuable for presentation slides that must be viewed across multiple devices. A 16:9 ratio need to be offered conference presentations.

Consider developing your presentation slides in both sizes to it is in prepared.


Have a title web page that stands out

Create a visually engaging title page so the audience is interested and also ready come listen prior to you start speaking.

Limit transitions and also animations

Using many animations is distracting and also amateurish. That doesn"t add much meaning to your presentation and it"s boring for the audience if they space watching constant animation. It can additionally be problematic and frustrating to see the presentation ~ above different tools due to this.

only use animations because that a purpose, such as, to reveal the step of a process. Your animations have to subtle and professional, because that example, "Wipe" is reliable for introducing bullet points but "Move" and "Fly" are too slow. Don"t animate every aspect in your slide. Protect against using animations in between every slide and don"t use much more than 3 different varieties of animations for this.

Use visual aids

Visual aids room chosen depending on their purpose, for example, you might want to:

Summarise information. Minimize the lot of talked words. Clarify and show examples. Create an ext of an affect by make the audience feel a specific emotion. Emphasize what you"re saying. Make a suggest memorable. Boost your credibility. Interact the audience and maintain your interest. Do something simpler for the audience come understand.

We walk into detail on particular visual aids later on in the article but right here are some general tips for using visual aids:

Think around how have the right to a visual aid can assistance your message. What execute you desire the audience to do? Ensure the your visual help follows what you"re speak or this will certainly confuse the audience. Avoid cluttering the image as it may look messy and also unclear. Intuitive aids have to be clear, concise and also of a high quality. One message per visual aid. Use visual aids in moderation - they are additions meant come emphasise and also support main points. Ensure the your presentation still works without your visual aids in instance of technological problems.

Read our short article on making use of visual aids throughout a presentation for an ext information.


Use high-quality graphics

If you desire your presentation slides come look professional then you have to use high-quality graphics. Key points deserve to be depicted with images yet these images shouldn"t be a stretched low-resolution photograph as this will look sloppy. Also, avoid using Clip Art as it"s likely the audience has already seen the images and also it generally looks unprofessional.

Photographs are particularly valuable to enhance understanding since they enable the audience to check out what you"re saying. Ensure that you use an easy photos the relate very closely with her speech.

Pexels is a great website for free stock photos.

Alter pictures to focus on elements

If an image is not the focal allude consider decreasing its opacity and also if it"s the current focus then do the image an ext pronounced. Masking can be a useful means of achieving this results and it can also be used to direct attention come something important within one image. The looks an ext professional than highlighting or using arrows etc.

Use panning for large images

You might want to present a big image in your presentation, such as, a web page. Take into consideration using the Chrome expansion to record this. This will stop you from scaling the image and distorting it. Instead you"ll be able to pan together you talk about it.

Use suitable charts and diagrams

Present data utilizing charts and diagrams due to the fact that they display data in a visually compelling means and you"ll stop overwhelming the audience contrasted to, for example, presenting a list of statistics. Choose data many relevant come the points you"re making and also ensure that your charts are necessary.

Horizontal bar charts should be used for compare quantities. Vertical bar charts room for displaying transforms in amounts over a size of time. There have to be a preferably of eight bars. Pie charts highlight percentages. Castle should include a best of six segments. Line charts show trends. Tables are useful for side-by-side to compare of quantitative date however charts are generally better as they are faster to understand and they clearly emphasise significance.

Use video clip or audio

Using videos and also audio clips are a great wait to engage the audience and increase your interest since they introduce a readjust of pace and also they boost understanding.

for sure that any kind of videos or audio clips used are relevant to the presentation"s content. Just play as much of the clip as necessary. Never present a really long clip. Video clip and audio deserve to be daunting to fit right into the structure of a presentation for this reason ensure that you tell the audience why you"re play them a clip and also tell them what to look because that or listen out for.

Avoid utilizing autoplay because that videos

With autoplay it can take a minute for a video to start playing which have the right to lead come the speak clicking in this time. This reasons the slideshow to relocate on to the following slide rather than playing the video. Instead of allowing autoplay ensure that you have to click something because that the video clip to play together this will give you more control.

Use colour

Research suggests that using colour rises people"s an inspiration to read and also their enthusiasm because that a presentation. Colours likewise evoke emotions and can boost understanding by, because that example, highlighting particular themes in certain colours.

Using the colour wheel can assist when choosing your presentation"s colours: insert photo of color wheel

colours opposite each various other in the wheel space complementary and they develop contrast. Using complementary colours makes your text more readable and it allows you to draw the audience"s attention towards wanted elements. Colours beside each other are analogous and also they are harmonious. Utilizing analogous colours provides your presentation more unified.

Avoid using too many colours in your presentation together this have the right to look cluttered and unprofessional and also keep your colour themes continuous, for example, if you use the color blue to to mark all the an essential words top top your second slide proceed to carry out this transparent the presentation. Also be cautious with color associations, because that example, in countless cultures red is connected to danger. Try to represent your words and topics v "appropriate" colours that make sense.

Many world are blue-green or red-green colour-blind so stop putting these colours next to each various other in, because that example, a graph. If friend cannot protect against placing this colours beside each various other then use message to clearly label items.

There room websites that can help you choose colour schemes, together as, Adobe color CC presented below.


Choose fonts carefully

Use the exact same clear fonts throughout her slideshow and also use no more than 2 fonts that go well together. Prevent using Serif fonts, such as Time new Roman because: they"re designed to be offered in text-heavy documents, they’re simpler to read in smaller sizes and they can not be watched well when projected. San-serif fonts, such together Arial space usually far better for presentations.

A popular an option of font is Gill Sans yet whatever font your choose make sure it watch professional and also can be check out from the ago of the room.

Avoid using tradition fonts that space unlikely to be on every computers because this can be problem on the work of your presentation.

Use large font sizes

Your font size have to be a minimum that 24pt so whatever can be easily read. Ensure the you save font sizes consistent throughout the slides or it have the right to look messy.


Create continual slides

The slides should have actually the exact same design, consisting of colour scheme, font size, font type, etc. This renders the presentation flow much better and emphasises the each slide is part of exact same story you"re telling so this consistency will aid with understanding and it"s less frustrating because that the audience.

However, part speakers like to have one format for the key slides and other formats for transitions between topics, because that example, you may switch approximately the background and text colour for change slides so it feels like component of the very same presentation yet it reflects the audience that you"re moving on come a new theme or subject.

Sort her slides

Use the on slide Sorter check out to confirm that her presentation"s framework is effective. Slide Sorter mirrors you how logical the circulation of your presentation is and it"s easy to re-arrange your slides in this view.


Include white an are on her slides

Empty an are is necessary on her slides or it will certainly look also cluttered. Make sure that you have empty space between each element in your slides. Don"t shot to to fill the white an are unnecessarily or you"ll mitigate the meaning of her points.

Premade templates

Experts do not agree top top the use of premade templates however if you carry out use a premade design template ensure that there is consistency and that it looks professional.

Presentation slides come last

Design your presentation slides after deciding on your message and also your sustaining evidence. Remember the the slides boost the experience but the yes, really speech demands to stand out on that is own.

See more: Considered Alone, Which Of The Following Would Increase A Company’S Current Ratio?

There need to be a maximum of 10 slides - civilization rarely remember much more than one concept later on so there"s no point overwhelming them through unnecessary information. The presentation should last no much longer than 20 minutes as this will leave time for questions and discussion. The font size need to be a minimum that 30pt due to the fact that the audience reads much faster than you talk so less information on the slides means that over there is less chance the the audience gift distracted.


The above are usual preferences rather than pure suggestions - you have actually to design your presentation slides in a method that works ideal for you and the situation. You must take into account the form of human you are, the characteristics of the audience, your topic, the context of your presentation etc. All of this will affect what girlfriend find an ideal for her presentation"s design.