What are the Main types of Assets?

An legacy is a source owned or controlled by one individual, corporationCorporationA coporation, group is a legal entity created by individuals, stockholders, or shareholders, with the purpose of operating for profit. Corporations are allowed to enter into contracts, sue and be sued, own assets, remit federal and also state taxes, and borrow money native financial institutions., or government with the expectation the it will generate a positive economic benefit. Common types of assets include current, non-current, physical, intangible, operating, and non-operating. Correctly identifying and classifying the types of legacy is an important to the survive of a company, especially its solvency and associated risks.

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The worldwide Financial Reporting criter (IFRS) framework specifies an asset as follows: “An heritage is a resource controlled by the enterprise as a an outcome of past events and from i beg your pardon future economic benefits are expected to circulation to the enterprise.”


Examples of assets include:

Cash and cash equivalentsAccounts ReceivableInvestmentsVehiclesFurniturePatents (intangible asset)

Properties of one Asset

There are three key properties of an asset:

Ownership: Assets represent ownership that can be eventually turned right into cash and also cash equivalentsEconomic Value: assets have economic value and can be exchanged or soldResource: assets are resources that have the right to be used to create future economic benefits

Classification of Assets

Assets are normally classified in 3 ways:

Convertibility: Classifying assets based upon how basic it is to transform them into cash.Physical Existence: Classifying assets based on their physical visibility (in other words, tangible vs. Intangible assets).Usage: Classifying assets based on their business operation usage/purpose.


Classification the Assets: Convertibility

If assets are classified based upon their convertibility right into cash, assets are classified together either current assets or fixed assets. An alternate expression of this ide is short-term vs. Long-term assets.

1. Present Assets

Current assets are assets that can be quickly converted into cash and cash equivalents (typically within a year). Existing assets are likewise termed fluid assets and also examples of together are:

CashCash equivalentsShort-term depositsAccounts receivablesInventoryMarketable securitiesOffice supplies

2. Fixed or Non-Current Assets

Non-current assets space assets that cannot be easily and readily converted right into cash and also cash equivalents. Non-current legacy are additionally termed solved assets, long-term assets, or tough assets. Instances of non-current or solved assets include:


Classification the Assets: physical Existence

If assets room classified based upon their physics existence, assets space classified as either tangible assets or intangible assets.

1. Tangible Assets

Tangible assets space assets through physical existence (we deserve to touch, feel, and also see them). Examples of tangible assets include:

LandBuildingMachineryEquipmentCashOffice suppliesInventoryMarketable securities

2. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are assets that lack physical existence. Instances of intangible heritage include:

Classification that Assets: Usage

If assets space classified based on their usage or purpose, assets are classified together either operating assets or non-operating assets.

1. Operating Assets

Operating assets space assets that are forced in the daily operation of a business. In various other words, operation assets are used to create revenue indigenous a company’s core business activities. Examples of operation assets include:

2. Non-Operating Assets

Non-operating assets space assets that space not forced for daily company operations however can still generate revenue. Examples of non-operating legacy include:

Short-term investmentsMarketable securitiesVacant landInterest earnings from a solved deposit

Importance of heritage Classification

Classifying assets is crucial to a business. Because that example, understanding which legacy are existing assets and which are addressed assets is crucial in understanding the net working capital of a company. In the scenario of a agency in a high-risk industry, understanding which assets are tangible and also intangible helps to evaluate its solvency and also risk.

Determining i m sorry assets space operating assets and which assets are non-operating heritage is necessary to expertise the contribution of revenue from each asset, as well as in identify what percent of a company’s revenues originates from its core service activities.

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