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How execute Federal Regulations influence Consumer Prices? An analysis of the Regressive impacts of Regulation

Regulators and policymakers often case that regulations are intended to safeguard the poorest and most delicate consumers. However, the impacts of regulation are many harmful come the poor because regulations drive up the price of doing business, resulting in greater prices. Unfortunately, the goods and also services come which the negative devote much of their limited budgets, such together energy and food, are likewise the most heavily regulated.

When the federal federal government introduces new regulations for an industry, over there are numerous potential after-effects for both producers and consumers. Often, complying with regulations is i have lot of money for firms, and also these greater costs may in turn drive increase prices because that consumers. Greater prices brought about by regulatory development are unlikely to influence all consumer equally. High-income and also low-income families tend come have different spending patterns, and regulations may have a larger influence on one group than top top another.

This study examines the relationship in between regulatory expansion and higher prices and also finds that price rises caused through regulation have actually a disproportionately an adverse effect ~ above low-income households. The poorest households tend to spend a larger proportion that their revenue on goods that are heavily regulated and also subject come both high and volatile prices. This price should be recognized in policymakers’ efforts to think about the costs and also benefits of brand-new and currently regulations.



While number of previous papers have documented potential costs linked with the load of federal regulations, no one have provided a considerable empirical evaluation of the impact of regulation on customer prices. This study uniquely combines data native the customer Expenditure Survey through industry-specific regulation information from the Center’s RegData database and information on price changes over time native the consumer Price Index.


Regulations in the aggregate Lead come Price Increases

The proclaimed purpose of regulations is often to aid protect consumer from a variety of troubles in the market. However, the advantage of any sort of protection have to be weighed against the expense of greater prices. The data display evidence the a statistically significant relationship in between regulation and increased prices.

There is a period of time in between the publication of brand-new regulatory restrictions and when they have a measurable impact on prices, so that is important to advice both variables over time. After the affected production processes have actually been altered to comply through a brand-new regulation, over there is an connected jump in the price the the influenced goods and services. Compare the growth rate the prices over time against the growth rate that regulations over time, the data show that a 10 percent rise in complete regulations leads to a 0.687 percent increase in customer prices.

Poorer households Spend more on an ext Heavily regulated Goods

The data likewise show that family members from the poorest income groups experience the highest as whole levels of inflation and also the highest levels that price volatility. In comparison to wealthier households, poorer households spend a substantially larger proportion that their earnings on an ext inflation-prone, volatile, and also heavily regulated goods and services.

In the two most stable price quartiles of customer expenditures, wealthier households allocated 15.3 percent points an ext spending than the poorest households. Through contrast, the poorest households allocated 15.3 portion points much more spending than the wealthiest family members in the two most volatile quartiles.


Regulators and policymakers often insurance claim that regulations room intended to protect the poorest and also most delicate consumers. However, the impacts of regulations are many harmful to the bad because regulations drive up the cost of law business, resulting in greater prices. Unfortunately, the goods and also services to which the negative devote lot of their minimal budgets, such together energy and food, are additionally the most heavily regulated.

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Another unintended result of regulation is that the bad face a greater overall price of inflation in the goods they have tendency to purchase. In enhancement to undergoing larger price hikes, these greatly regulated products additionally display greater volatility, meaning that low-income families face much more uncertainty in their family members budgets than perform wealthier households. Policy makers must understand the unintended results of higher, more volatile prices on the bad when considering new regulations.